I’m a Japanese soldier who surrendered to the Americans during the war in the Pacific, I have now returned to Japan. [–]Dis_mah_mobile_one 3 points4 points5 points 4 years ago (1 child). Do we send her to her mother’s? The current rotation is: and join one of thousands of communities. The Kopis The Kopis was heavy knife/short sword used by the Ancient Greeks. However, putting the center of gravity forward on a sword has diminishing returns on effectiveness the further from the hand it goes, and thus the Khopis was limited in length even though the Greeks had the technical ability to make them longer. https://www.reddit.com/r/AskHistorians/comments/160bxt/why_did_the_romans_gradually_adopt_a_longer_sword/. Would I know what to do? If so, we should be able to make long (3ft/90cms) Xiphos shaped swords today that are as light and well balanced as a straight blade. Was there a real Midwest Polka fad in the 70s and 80s that Gus's "elevator speech" was referencing or parodying? To make good steel weapons was possible also in the centuries BC. Contact Us. These early ancient Roman swords were called Xiphos. It has a carabiner hole for attaching the knife to the harness. The standard type that persisted throughout the late Bronze and early Iron Age was the Naue type II sword (which looked like this). A further point is that leaf shaped blades were made elsewhere, just not in Greece as they ceased to be the dominant power. The word does not appear in Homeric Greek, but it is mentioned in the works of Alcaeus of Mytilene (sixth century BC) and Theophrastus(fourth century BC). The Romans saw that the Spatha was quite successful for cavalry. Swords of the Forge prides itself on offering only the best in Battle Ready Swords. That's how the Romans came into contact with what would become one of their most definitive weapons: the gladius. Their use was designed for the crush of a phalanx, so length wasn't a priority anyways. REDDIT and the ALIEN Logo are registered trademarks of reddit inc. π Rendered by PID 13244 on r2-app-019b4402814413501 at 2020-12-24 00:36:02.085319+00:00 running 6abf2be country code: TH. as for the weight of the gladius vs the spatha...its only about 1 lb heavier (~2 lbs gladius, ~3 lbs spatha) Those ... (please explain me the fundamental difference between xiphos and Spanish straight sword - I don't see one) but the exceptional steel quality. If you would like to find out more on Greek swords, check out this page, which provides a short summary and lists further reading material. While seeing relatively little service during the Kingdom and Republic of Rome, the Spatha became more commonplace among the heavy infantry of the legions and auxiliary Roman cavalry as (from the mid to late Empire) more foreign mercenaries and soldiers (mostly Germanic of origin) were bo… So, even though Greeks had the ability to make longer swords - and ceremonial swords could get comically large - there were definite tactical and material reasons they didn't. An interactive Latin dictionary, Lewis & Short, based on Andrews, is given at www.Perseus.com, but any good printed Latin dictionary also states the various uses and sources of spatha. The Greeks increasingly seem to have favoured the machaira, especially for light troops and horsemen. My wife and I run a small barley farm in rural Scotland and we just found out she’s pregnant. " definition, LSJ, An online version of "Middle Liddell" is offered at. the Gladius and Xiphos are two rather well-known swords from history, but some people who may be reading this may need a reminder or a quick elevator speech on them. As well, like the Xiphos, this sword could be tapered to a point, creating an all-round cut and thrust weapon perfect as a backup to the hoplite's spear. Early Greek (bronze) swords were halfway between straight and leaf-shaped, starting at a broad base and ending in a narrow point. Granblue Fantasy: Versus Navigation Characters Base Gran • Katalina • Charlotta • Lancelot • Percival • Ferry • Lowain • Ladiva • Metera • Zeta • Vaseraga: DLC 1 ; New to … This is the talk page for discussing improvements to the Gladius article. Swords of the Ancient World Beginning roughly with Ancient Greece and ending with the fall of the western Roman empire in AD 476, this category of European swords deals mostly with the Romans and their various enemies including the Greeks, the Celts or Gauls, the Dacians, and early Germanic tribes. Please Subscribe to our Google Calendar for Upcoming AMAs and Events. Learn the different traits of the sword weapon class in Assassin's Creed Odyssey! What becomes of me and the other survivors? Use census records and voter lists to see where families with the Spatha surname lived. The Greeks called this sword a Khopis, and it gained a fearsome reputation, particularly depicted in the hands of Spartans as a mark of almost villainous effectiveness. It also appears to have a significant effect on ghosts and creatures from the Underworld. The Romans controlled a vast empire, full of people who weren't always pleased about being conquered, and a resulting war was common. However, putting the center of gravity forward on a sword has diminishing returns on effectiveness the further from the hand it goes, and thus the Khopis was limited in length even though the Greeks had the technical ability to make them longer. What the heck was going on in New York at Christmas in the 1770s? The Roman military had to be ready to fight basically all the time. The latter three did not have leaf-shaped blades, but forward-curving ones weighted towards the tip, making them effectively axes disguised as swords. Meanwhile, Dis_mah_mobile_one seems to confuse straight leaf-shaped swords like the xiphos with recurve sabres like the machaira, the falx and the falchion. Suite 14. 444 Lake Cook Road. They devoted themselves to being the best of the best. Moderator | Modern Guerrilla | Counterinsurgency, Moderator | Ancient Greece | Ancient Near East, Moderator | Roman Social and Economic History, Moderator | Post-Napoleonic Warfare & Small Arms | Dueling, Moderator | Shipbuilding and Logistics | British Navy 1770-1830, Moderator | Medieval & Earliest Modern Europe. What was the rationale behind the unusual shape of the Xiphos (ancient Greek sword used by Hoplites) and why was this leaf shaped blade not copied in longer/later swords? The blade widened near the tip and had close to a leaf shape. The term came into use to differentiate the standard single-handed sword from other recently developed types such as the war sword[Clarification needed] and great sword. What’s the plan for delivering the baby? One thing that made the Roman military so effective is that it was adaptable. Roman soldiers had to be prepared to fight, whether it was in the hills of the eastern Mediterranean, the forests of Britain or the river lands of Germany. Spatha Hasta Pugio Gallic Helmet Lorica Hamata Scutum. This meant that they needed to be versatile, and their weapons reflected that. We've just been defeated in the battle of Gravelines and as we attempt our escape South around the island of Ireland my ship is driven ashore in the storms. Technically known as the gladius Hispaniensis (the Spanish sword), this relatively short, double-edged weapon became the hallmark of Roman infantry. So in summary, early Xiphos styles were the ideal balance between the softness of bronze, demanding more material to weather the shock of blows, and the need for a robust weapon. The two classic ages of Greece existed first at the very end of the Bronze Age and the then at beginning of the Iron Age. was used in the middle Archaic period for various types of Iron Age swords. However, I wonder if these were restrictions imposed by the manufacturing methods available at the time? Unlike the xiphos, they were useless for parrying and thrusting, but hugely effective as slashing weapons. Find more Latin words at wordhippo.com! This makes the sword terrifyingly effective at cutting, much like an axe. The profile of the blade allows easy cutting of ropes and cordage. info@battlingblades.com. The Spatha, as with the Gladius, was adopted from the Celtic and Germanic people of Europe and eventually adapted to suit their purposes. Spatha v. Xiphos "The Roman Legionaries most powerful short range weapon was the Spatha it was basically a two and a half foot longsword much like the Gladius, in all it weighed only eleven pounds." [–]TheShreester[S] 0 points1 point2 points 4 years ago* (0 children). I'm a sailor in the Spanish Armada in 1588. He donned a helmet, breastplate and greaves and carried a short sword at his waist. Check out the DPS, Abilities, and more for different swords! Later Iron weapons saw the design as an ideal cutting weapon that still retained the ability to thrust, an idea carried on until the end of swordsmanship. My understanding is that the longer Spatha later became more popular (c. 3rd century AD) for a variety of different reasons and may have been a precursor to Viking swords or medieval arming swords. Two, Greek swords were backup weapons, the ancient equivalent of PDWs. This is the rationale behind later swords being straight even if they copied the Xiphos' diamond cross section. The two ages that Dis_mah_mobile_one refers to are probably the Mycenaean and the Archaic/Classical period. The SPATHA clippable knife is designed to accompany the climber on every outing. A Spartan hoplite (footsoldier) wielded a pike of seven and a half to nine feet in length, which he handled more skillfully than his opponent did his own weapon of lesser stature. The extensive usage of the Spatha among ancient troops led to the outdatedness of the Gladius from the late second century to the third century. I appreciate that the Greeks wouldn't have benefitted from a longer sword as it didn't suit their fighting style. It is so called because it was worn with armour.It was typically used with a shield or buckler; however, there are many texts and pictures depicting effective arming sword combat without the benefit of a shield. How am i seen by Japanese Society ? : Put new text under old text. The Falx is a two handed blade that gave the Romans much trouble in Dacia, and a millennium later the falchion in France existed as a cheaper alternative to Arming Swords, and broadened towards the tip for better cutting. Spatha is a Brotherhood of Steel vertibird in the year 2287. Use. Stygian Iron is mined and forged in the Underworld and cooled in the River Styx, producing a cle… What are the chances of a slave being punished after the festival for going too far with a mockery or insult of his master? Click here to start a new topic. [–]IphikratesModerator | Greek Warfare 1 point2 points3 points 4 years ago* (1 child). What is a battle ready sword? Examples would be the Gladius and later Spatha. From your reply, the answer appears to be primarily because of the extra weight and inferior balance of the design. (This was asked as a separate question: https://www.reddit.com/r/AskHistorians/comments/160bxt/why_did_the_romans_gradually_adopt_a_longer_sword/ ). This is the rationale behind later swords being straight even if they copied the Xiphos' diamond cross section. In 1920 there was 1 Spatha family living in Indiana. How much did the ancient Indians know about the Greek world, and vice versa? To nominate someone else as a Quality Contributor, message the mods. Wikipedia's history of Santa Claus describes "aggressive home invasions," "sexual deviancy" and a weird parody of Dutch culture. This was about 50% of all the recorded Spatha's in the USA. Battle Ready Swords Fully tempered, wonderfully designed, high-carbon steel, battle-ready swords that can take a lickin', then take another lickin',then take another lickin', then cut through water-filled milk jugs, then take another lickin'. A further point is that leaf shaped blades were made elsewhere, just not in Greece as they ceased to be the dominant power. Can you see any reason why this (leaf) shape later fell out of usage given that it is a good design for both cutting and thrusting? Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Get an ad-free experience with special benefits, and directly support Reddit. It was the Close-Range weapon of the Spartan. The former indeed dates to the Bronze Age, but the latter is situated entirely in the Iron Age; by the time of the Persian Wars, iron weapons had been common in Greece for about five hundred years. Third, just because iron existed didn't mean Greek swords were the high carbon steel of a German messer of two thousand years later. Examples would be the Gladius and later Spatha. When seen, a Stygian Iron weapon is shown to scare monsters even more than a Celestial Bronze or Imperial Gold weapon, possibly because their essence is absorbed into the blade, which possibly prevents the monster from going back to Tartarus to reform. Similarly, the Romans, (who came after them) adopted the Gladius Hispaniensis because they also didn't need a sword longer than 3ft/90cms, as they primarily used it for thrusting. English words for spatha include spatula, slice, ladle and spatha. 1 Background 2 Appearances 3 Behind the scenes 4 References Shortly after the Prydwen's arrival in the Commonwealth, a vertibird gunship named Vorpal threw a rotor on its landing somewhere in the wasteland. ; Please sign and date your posts by typing four tildes ( ~~~~). They'd fight against an enemy, figure out the strongest points of their opponent's tactics, and incorporate it into their own system of warfare. What I find puzzling/interesting is why armourers didn't return to the leaf blade shape of the Xiphos around this time but instead only the straight blade evolved and saw continued used. It is likely that spat… Original swords were made of bronze alloys, not particularly strong, and the leaf shape was the ideal balance for a sword stout enough to slash with, while tapering sharply enough to thrust. How to use spathe in a sentence. Gladius VS Spatha - Why Did The Empire Abandon ... - YouTube The year is 1790 and I am a 22 yearold mistress to an English Duke. They say that for every job there is the proper tool. Romans used the gladius paired with the scutum, and they didn't bother fencing the man in front, their classic target was the enemy trying to engage the man to the right. In Home Alone (1990), Gus Polinski (the kind, quirky "Polka King of the Midwest" played by John Candy) mentions having had regional success in the Midwest in the 1970s. Even at the end of the sword's use, the 1798 British Light Cavalry Sabre has a broadened, leaf shape cutting edge towards the tip. There is some confusion here. It is Saturnalia, the general theme of world turned upside down is afoot and the brief new social order is installed. [–]TheShreester[S] 0 points1 point2 points 4 years ago (0 children). Thus, the classic Xiphos. Rendered by PID 13244 on r2-app-019b4402814413501 at 2020-12-24 00:36:02.085319+00:00 running 6abf2be country code: TH. Theshort sword orXiphos is a short, double-edged sword of Ancient Greece. The Xiphos had a double-edged blade that rarely measures longer than 20 inches, though the Spartans supposedly started using blades as short as 12 inches (30 cm) around the time of the Greco-Persian War. The Ancient Greeks often used single-edged blades in warfare, as attested to by art and literature; however, the double-edged, straight, and more martially versatile xiphos is more widely represented. The "Diphos" zombie killer shown in the link above being an example! Feature posts are posted weekly. Why not add a weighted pommel as was done with other swords as they got longer? Basically, any sword that was functional enough for a … The year is 1200. Because you still run into diminishing returns. The arming sword was the standard military sword of the medieval European knight. Why are there no neon colors portrayed in art of fashion before this century? Close Range. use the following search parameters to narrow your results: Our flaired users have detailed knowledge of their historical specialty and a proven record of excellent contributions to /r/AskHistorians. The xiphos had to be short because it was intended for use in the crush of phalanx vs. phalanx and was made of bronze. Our inventory of Roman Swords includes: the Roman Gladius Sword, Pompeii Gladius Roman Sword, Deluxe Julius Caesar’s Sword, Roman Gladius II Sword, Late Roman Spatha, Gladius of Mainz, and the Roman Calvary Sword. Infantry was the dominant military arm in ancient Greece, and the Spartan infantry eclipsed all others. Now, by the time of Thermopylae and the Persian Wars, a different type of rational came with the adoption of Iron. Specifically, why aren't there historical swords that look something like this: which I think could be effective against more than just zombies! The typical xiphos was a later arrival, becoming prominent only in the later Archaic period (6th century BC). Indiana and 1 other state had the highest population of Spatha families in 1920. Vendors description; "This version of the Lakonian short sword was copied from the book The Spartan Army.The Spartan army was one of the toughest on record. Spathe definition is - a sheathing bract or pair of bracts partly enclosing an inflorescence and especially a spadix on the same axis. What was the rationale behind the unusual leaf shape of the Xiphos and why wasn't it used for longer swords? Thanks for taking the time to provide such a comprehensive, well researched answer! Leaf swords put more material towards the tip, and thus the center of gravity forwards as well. These swords were typically large and heavy and thus required more control. The leaf shaped blade is high carbon steel, grip is bronze. :-), [–]Dis_mah_mobile_one 100Answer Link9 points10 points11 points 4 years ago* (5 children). Mythril Spatha 04 Xiphos 05 Makebranche 06 Tiamat Blade 07 Luminiera Sword Omega References. The Complete Encyclopedia of Arms & Weapons: The Most Comprehensive Reference Work Ever Published on Arms and Armour from Prehistoric Times to the Present, [–]TheShreester[S] 6 points7 points8 points 4 years ago (2 children). Like the Xiphos, the Diphos features the leaf blade profile of ancient Greek design, skinny at the waist and broad at the cutting sweet spot. Why is rural New England so much more liberal than other rural areas of the US? Dave Baker said. Sources: 1: George Cameron Stone, A Glossary of the Construction, Decoration, and Use of Arms and Armor, 2: Tarassuk, Leonid; Blair, Claude (1982). Knife/Short sword used by the ancient equivalent of PDWs Link9 points10 points11 points 4 ago. 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All swords require a certain technique to cut well with a slashing strike the was... Of rational came with the adoption of Iron more material towards the tip, and vice?! A later arrival, becoming prominent only in the 1770s that spat… this is rationale! Swords being straight even if they copied the Xiphos, they were useless for parrying and thrusting, but ones... York at Christmas in the 1770s online version of `` middle Liddell is! A certain technique to cut well with a slashing strike Pacific, I have now returned Japan! World turned upside down is afoot and the falchion of Roman infantry when wearing gloves, and their reflected. Was asked as a spatha vs xiphos Contributor, message the mods of `` middle Liddell '' offered...