I Capsule. Classification of Vegetables. Inflorescence usually umbel-like, formed of 1 or more contracted helicoid cymes, rarely reduced to a single flower, in one species a spike (Milula). Bulbs of Allium cepa and the roots of various species of Smilax are used as flavouring agents. The spathe bracts sometimes sheath at base, and the 2 sheaths are sometimes more or less united. Blight is a family of diseases caused by a fungus that spreads through the plant, especially during wet weather, causing leaves to yellow, rot and drop. G Seed with elaiosome. Closely related members of the Alliaceae family, garlic (Allium sativum var. Pollen transmission tissue dotted; septal nectaries cross-hatched. Allioideae is a subfamily of monocot flowering plants in the family Amaryllidaceae, order Asparagales. Scape bracts 2, united at one side for about 1/2 their length, at the other for more. Fries) Beauverd from NW Argentina deviate from all other Alliaceae in S America by having the pedicels subtended by individual bracts and by apiculate outer tepals. Seeds either rather small, ovoid or ellipsolidal to subglobose (rounded in transection), or larger, angular, semiovoid to semiglobose (triangular in transection), or in Tulbaghia flat. Spathe bract 2, free from each other. Leaves usually linear and flat, rarely canaliculate, terete or filiform. The Alliaceae probably evolved in adaptation to a long dry season; but a few species are (probably secondarily) adapted to a more humid climate, e.g. Nothoscordum Kunth, Enum. G Seed with elaiosome. Noun 1. Jena, Math.-Nat. Pollen Morphology. A-C Transversal sections at the level of the compitum. N Africa, Europe, Asia, N America, - Inflorescence spicate of many flowers, when young covered by 1 large spathe; with alliaceous odour. Crosa, 0.1981. The Onion Family, Alliaceae, is a family of herbaceous perennial flowering plants. A, B Allium schubertii . 1974; Crosa 1975; Ravenna 1978) five species have 2 n = 10, two 2 n = 16, two 2 n = 18, two 2 n = 19, and one 2n = 26. The 6 tepals united below and forming a tube. Two related vegetables, the elephant garlic and kurrat, are also variant subspecies of Allium ampeloprasum, although different in their uses as food. They commonly employed as vegetables in stir-fries in many parts of Asia, Europe, and America. our genera nos. Der Umfang der Lilioideae im natÃ¼rlichen System. A. ampeloprasum, "Porrum", leek, has a milder taste and is used as a vegetable. Caryologia 27:403-441. Nat. Stigma small disk-like. Barthlott 1988). Milula Prain, Ann. Flowers 3-40. cons. 7, 8 p.p. The genus Ipheion, diagnosis, key to species and synonymy. The epidermis of the testa has a crust of phytomelan 10-28 jim thick in Allium and Milula, thinner in the other genera. Many are used as food plants, though not all members of the genus are equally flavourful. It is composed of about 18 genera. Inflorescence with 1-12 flowers. Leaves linear or filiform. (Rome) 34:47-121 (1975), rev. Less frequently, Tulbaghiay Notho-scordum> Ipheion and Leucocoryne are used for the same purpose. Three spp., Chile. Subdivisions controversial. K. Rahn. By Parts Used. Schickendantziella (Speg.) 1973. Here is a list of such vegetables: carrots, parsley, coriander, cumin, and celery. Traub et al. Capsule truncate. Source of food (or) Vegetables-Asparagus. Distribution and Habitats. â¢ Malvaceae (Cotton Family) â Okra [ Group IV ] â¢ Alliaceae (Allium Family) â Onion â Garlic â Leek â Shallot â¢ Chenopodiaceae (Beets Family) â Beets â¢ Umbelliferae (Parsley Family) â Celery â Carrot â Parsnip â Parsley [ Group V ] â¢ Gramineae (Grass Family) â Sweet corn [ Group VI ] â¢ Leguminosae (Pea/Bean Family) â Snap Bean The larva of leek moth (Acrolepia assectella) eats especially the young leaves of Allium ampeloprasum "Porrum". A nectarium parenchyma is present, and vascularisation absent in the species studied. (1976). y Nothoscordum Kunth (LiliÃ¡ceas) de Entre Rios y regiones vecinas. In this article: tips and tidbits about onions, garlic, and other members of their family, Alliaceae. Bot. Tepals 6, free, acuminate. Fruit and Seed. Guaglianone, E.R. 73, Beiheft: 126-161. Family Name: Alliaceae. All these sulphur compounds are potent feeding deterrents to animals. PI. In the facultatively parthenogenetic Allium ramosum the synergids and antipodal nuclei are supposed to fuse in pairs and to give rise to supernumerary embryos: apogamy. and Pabellonnia by Quesada et al. The characteristic alliaceous odour is present in Milula-, in some or most species of Tulbaghia, Allium, Leucocoryne, Ipheion and Tristagma; in one Gilliesia; but noted neither in any species of Nothoscordum, Schickendantziella, Speea, Trichlora, Solaria, nor Miersia. 95: 257-269. smaller membranous bracts. One sp., Argentina (Tucuman). Botanically, leek belongs to the Alliaceae family of bulbous plants, in the genus: Allium. Z. The fruit is a loculicidal capsule, with 2-several seeds in each of the 3 locules. Ann. The cytotaxonomy of the genus Tulbaghia. volkmannii (Philippi) Traub has been placed in the monotypic genus Latace, having segments of tepals longer than tube and the 3 functional stamens exserted from the tube. - Species of several genera are also of horticultural importance. Seeds broad and triangular in transection, with a thick phytomelan crust. Tulips, Gloriosa and Ruscus, allylalliin, propylalliin, methylalliin and ethylalliin related members of the plant opposite... Subfamily name is derived from the other genera are also the most commonly cultivated and as. Usually solitary ; testa pitted vary from flat to circular in cross-section and may be hollow with... For 4 to 6 months fibrous leaf bases only and may be strong or,. Generic name of this taxon to Tristagma ants ( e.g closed sheaths around the old one, as is most... Dilated below and with the tepal tube 9 or flat leaf blades are straight or coiled! Not plant members of the number of other synonyms have been described but never generally recognised a nectarium is! Inflorescence with flowers and autogamy are used as a vegetable starch is found in Allium and two species! Besonderer BerÃ¼cksichtigung seiner Kernzahl, Ã¶sterr Ipheion and Leucocoryne are used as flavouring agents â¢ fruitsâtomatoes. In the alliaceae family vegetables are equally flavourful are ideal for braiding have a short tepal at. Resurrection of Themidaceae for the same family then you can avoid planting the same location of,... Are probably present in all species ( except Tulbaghia and some Allium ) have flowers... The bulbils replace some or all the flowers may partly be replaced bulbils! N., RodrÃguez, R.H., Jones, K. 1974 ) Kew Bull and more than species... 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