A popular American commercial variety with black skin and light-yellow flesh. First, the plum tree varieties compared below are in alphabetic order not order of preference. Plum, Prunus domestica / Rosaceae There are two types of varieties, the European, that contain less water and more soluble solids, suitable to be dried, and the Japanese, more juicy for fresh consumption. Although there are more than 2,000 different varieties of plums (Prunus domestica), these juicy stone fruits can be broken into three main types: American, European and Japanese. From tart to tropical, you’re bound to find a plum variety that will pique your taste buds. All Rights Reserved. It is ready the first week of August. These plum types are of the European plum types, and have an excellent sweet flavor. They can be pollinated by another hybrid plum or … 1 cup milk. They are a small to medium oval fruit, yellowish green in color, with a rich, golden flesh. Still, Japanese plums are distinctive for their delicious juicy bite and particular shape, often ending up much rounder than their plummy cousins. PLUM PUDDING RECIPE. Green Gage plums are a European variety, and are a favorite plum for cooking, canning and making homemade plum jam. Mature Spread: The Damson Plum has a spread of about 10' - 20' at full maturity. Cooking Light is part of the Allrecipes Food Group. This type of sweet Japanese plum has dark red to purple mottled skin and … It has a crisp texture that lasts when stored in the refrigerator. Come join us, you're always welcome! Moyer plums are so sugary, they sometimes go by the alias Sugar Plums. European or Italian plums may be sold as sugar plum, Italian plum or prune, French prune, or simply "fresh prune" since it's the fruit that is dried to make prunes. Depending on the taxonomist, between 19 and 40 species of plum exist. These types of whiskeys are ideal for cocktails, as the process allows for the flavor to come through but keeps the spirit at a lower price point. These varietals have come to be known as European plums (or, sometimes, “fresh prunes”), known for their strange oblong shapes and wide variety of skin colors, flesh colors and tastes. Right around the same time plums were being cultivated in Asia, a group of early fans were hard at work getting plum trees to grow in the Caucasian Mountains, just off the Caspian Sea. Large, sweet, firm and juicy, these popular plums seem to really have reaped all the blessings. The fruit is small with greenish-yellow speckled skin and fantastic honey-sweet flesh. Type of tree: The Damson Plum falls into the following type(s): Fruit Trees Mature Height: The Damson Plum grows to be 10' - 20' feet in height. Credit: Height Variations: The standard grows … Different types of fruits that are drupes. Mirabelle: This small, round, yellow plum is sweet and full-flavored. Blended whiskey is exactly what the name highlights—it’s a mixture of different types of whiskey, as well as colorings, flavors and even other grains. The plum types are generally available in the Okanagan Valley beginning in early to mid August. To get you the most bang for your buck, we wanted to let you know now, that it costs at least $9.00 to ship your order. From tart to tropical, you’re bound to find a plum variety that will pique your taste buds. But their syrupy bite of sweet, firm flesh is especially prized in their native land for adding into jams, jellies and even brandies. 1/4 cup dried currants. Usually Available: Mid to late August. Their skin can be red, -yellow, or purple. Dinner Tonight: Quick and Healthy Menus in 45 Minutes (or Less). Red Plums Another deliciously sweet-tart plum that can be hard to find. Black plums have mild to sweet taste and are usually used in tarts to add texture to baked dishes. Envy Apple. These plum types are sweet and aromatic, and have an excellent full-bodied flavor. Some examples of delicious fruits that are classified as drupes include mangoes, apricots, cherries, nectarines, peaches, plums, and dates. Some of the most popular types of these plums include: Moyer Plums Known for their oddly oblong shape – even within the European plum world – Moyer Plums are one of the most popular types of plums out there, sporting a classic plummy color combination of pretty purple skin and deep yellow flesh. Quince. For example, you get 15 grams of carbs from: Also often called sugar plums. DIFFERENT TYPES OF PLUMS •Black plum. © Copyright 2020 Meredith Corporation. And because they're often harvested before ripe, they sometimes lack flavor. Still, Damsons plums are known to be a great addition in the kitchen for those who like to add a bit of tartness to a sweet or savory dish. The most popular type of plums now are Japanese plums and come in black, red and yellow colors. Get exclusive discounts, news, recipes and stories. Apricot. Who ever said that chicken wings, doughnuts, and pizza couldn't be healthy? 1. This large firm fruit makes an excellent sweet snack. Often called blood plum. Not to be confused with the mandarin orange of the same name, these are meaty-fleshed, sweet plums with deep red flesh. It can be broken out into two big groups: fairly round Japanese plums and somewhat oblong European plums. Sharing some resemblances to a peach, apricots are a small fleshy fruit that contain a hard … So don’t worry: We can present to you this page on different types of plums with plenty of aplomb. Inky black skin and light flesh; taste best when picked fully ripe. Growing plums doesn’t require as much work as, say, apples or cherries.There are also many different types of plums that take to a wide variety of climates, … Photo: Anna Williams. With mottled brownish-gold skin, this ruby red–fleshed fruit is so juicy when ripe that it’s almost drinkable. Luckily, all that juice is distinctively delicious, with these elephants really turning out to be giant sweet hearts. Fruits on this list are defined as the word is used in everyday speech. Blufre (Blue Free) Plums. Large, dark red, and, yes, heart-shaped, these types of plums are so juicy some fans swear biting into one should require a straw. Black plums usually range from bright red to deep purple color and come with a mild to sweet taste. All four holiday boxes already have the 20% discount applied. Everything You Want (And Need!) In fact, many scholars argue that the plum was the first-ever domesticated fruit, since there are several major cultivars not found at all in the wild, but found in abundance sprouting up near places where early humans settled down. Different types of plumbs will take all those pipes under your sink in different directions. Offers may be subject to change without notice. But plums are much more diverse than their stone-fruit cousins. Peel the fruit (if the peel isn't edible) Rule of thumb: if you would eat the peel of the fruit in its natural … INGRIDIENTS. It is a sweet plum that is delicious when eaten fresh, cooked or canned. 1/3 cup brown sugar. The plum ranges in size, shape, and color. If we may be so bold, let us here at FruitStand assure you that we know a whole lot about fruit. To Know About Pepos. But under all that fanfare is a true inner beauty, with a plump, rose-colored flesh revealing one of the juiciest, sweetest bites – think, cherry fruit punch – in all of plumdome. There are essentially three different types of plum fruit - European, Italian and Japanese plums. For most people buying plums in the marketplace or at farm markets, there are two major types of plums, European plums and Japanese plums. We can’t really blame our ancestors, though. Plums are delicious cooked in jams, jellies, butters, sauces; baked in pies and coffee cakes; dried as prunes; or - best of all - eaten juicy fresh right off the tree. Regardless of the variety, the fruit's shape is typically round, although it can also be heart shaped or oval. Plum Types. All other experiences, including 898 squash, caviar limes and Apeel avocados will have the 20% discount applied at checkout with the use of code HOLIDAY2020. 2. That explains plums' other classification: stone fruit. Plums are not only delicious, but make for a beautiful flowering tree – and who doesn’t dream of a yard full of edible decorations? Plums are closely related to peaches and cherries and are widely eaten fresh as a dessert fruit, cooked as compote or jam, or baked in a variety of pastries. Black Plums Credit: No pressure, but if you want to shop for a couple more items or order more of the same, we wanted to give you the chance to do that! Another classic, these plums are widely recognizable thanks to their red-and-yellow flecked skin and cute little heart shape. It is almost impossible to recommend a particular variety from those described below because each person will have different needs and garden situations. Red plums are available with a sweet-tart flavor that can increase your mineral and vitamin intake while... 3. As such, Friar Plums are one of the best types of plums to eat raw – just remember to wash off their slightly waxy, deep purple skin first. The flavor is tropical with a hint of vanilla. Understanding different types of plums will help you decide which types to plant and how to eat or prepare them. One of the more tart varieties, these purple-skinned plums are popular in cooked applications, such as jam or stewed fruit. Happily, more interesting varieties are making a comeback. Honeycrisp Apple. Our 31-day calendar of meals and tips shows you how to cook more and love it with fun, family-friendly meals that come together quickly and deliciously. Sweet and juicy apple that's large in size and great for snacking. •Damson plum •Empress plum. Black Amber plums give it all away up front: The fruits are named for their distinctive color pallets, calling out the hues of their tart tasting skin and juicy flesh, respectively. Intensely sweet, these plums are good raw or cooked. Etymology and Plum Tree Names. Starking Delicious – This new variety is gaining acclaim for its great taste and ease of growing. Another popular variety in American supermarkets. True to black plum form, these types of plums are typically on the rounder side, and – catchy name aside – their skin can also take on a much bluer or more purple tone. Plums belong to the same family as peaches, nectarines, and apricots. And their stones are equally confused about which direction to go in, with their “semi-clingstone” designation meaning they’re somewhat easy to pare from the flesh, but not as easy as other varieties. 12 dates, pitted and chopped. Mirabelle plums truly stand out from the crowd, thanks to their small, round stature and almost orange skin. Japanese plums also tend to bloom earlier than other plum varieties, making these different types of plums some of the first on the farmer’s market circuit: Small, red and round, these little pleasures deliver a firm and sour bite of flesh wrapped within a sweet-tasting skin. But no matter your color, shape or global region of choice, you’re bound to have a plum good time with these fruits. Hundreds of delicious recipes, paired with simple sides, that can be on your table in 45 minutes or less. As it turns out, there aren’t just different types of plums, but different types of plumbs, so while we’re on the topic, let’s first make the all-important distinction: Different types of plums are delicious to eat. We will send this gift note by email to the recipient when their order is delivered. Cooking Light may receive compensation for some links to products and services on this website. If the beautiful name wasn’t enough of a giveaway, these unique types of plums originate from France. MOST FAMOUS PLUMS • black plum. Sweet plums the size of cherry tomatoes. The most common European plums (scientific name Prunus domestica L.) are elongated, blue types, but other colors are available as well. The European plum (P. domestica) and the The love of plums is not specific to any one worldly region. Plums are my favorite fruits to eat, so it’s lucky that they’re one of the easier fruit trees to grow. Copyright © FruitStand. Since plums have been around for so long, we’ve had plenty of time to tinker with their DNA, coming up with a number of major plum varieties today, including: Despite their name, these cultivars were actually first developed in a different Asian nation: China. America’s romance with heirloom produce means more plum varieties each year. Elephant Heart plum. Japanese plums are often crossed with cold-hardy wild American plum (Prunus americana) to yield hybrid plum trees that produce sweet, juicy Japanese-style plums in the northern tier of states. In certain parts of the world, some fruits are called plums and are quite different from fruits known as plums in Europe or the Americas. And, as one of the last types of plums to ripen in the season, these sweet treats are worth the wait. Compact purple European-style plums—about the size of a large walnut—that are deliciously sweet when soft, deliciously tart when firm. If you can find tree-ripened ones, they will be sweet and tasty. Some European varieties are thought to come from the Prunus domestica, a wild plum tree that grows near the Caspian Sea. Like many other fruit, they're very delicious dried, made into juice, sauce and other fresh plum recipes. Try them with cheese or in salads. They'll stay bright long after you cut them. Unlike the Black Amber, Black Rubys are a bit more confusing, since their skin is usually a deep purple/black and their sweet, juicy flesh is bright yellow. It does not include vegetables, whatever their origin. Small yellow-crimson blushed plums used to make French plum eau-de-vie. this link is to an external site that may or may not meet accessibility guidelines. Sale ends 11:30PM PST on 12/31 or when an experience sells out. Photo: Anna Williams. Flavorful light-skinned plums—like Greengage—had been mostly replaced by larger, darker fruits, which hide bruises. 27 Different Types of Fruit Trees (Plus More Fruitful Facts) It is disease resistant making it a very environmentally friendly option. But just like the concept of plumbing, the idea of plumming is one of the earliest notions of civilized man. Not available for gift card purchases. This superior European variety is rare. Click for details. Crimson skin with blondish-amber flesh. Plums are relatives of the peach, almond and nectarine families, and are also called a ' gage ' . Outrageously sweet. Some of the most popular types of these plums include: Known for their oddly oblong shape – even within the European plum world – Moyer Plums are one of the most popular types of plums out there, sporting a classic plummy color combination of pretty purple skin and deep yellow flesh. But it’s more than their looks that get them noticed. Nubiana: This large, slightly flat, purple-black, amber-fleshed plum is similar to the El Dorado. Save 20% Site Wide with code HOLIDAY2020. From this diversity only two species, the hexaploid European plum ( Prunus domestica) and the diploid Japanese plum ( Prunus salicina and hybrids), are of worldwide commercial significance. Cannot be combined with other discounts. The red ones have a sweet-tart flavor, and the yellow varieties are smaller, rounder and are also called lemon plums. 1/2 cup raisins. Yellow Plums Still, they’re one of the world’s most popular types of plums, since their pit easily comes loose – whereas other plum stones make you fight to separate them from their beloved flesh. All rights reserved, Discounts, promotions and shipping are applied at checkout, By continuing with this purchase you agree to our. Save 20% off site wide for the holidays. But the serving size can be very different depending on the type of fruit. Widely adapted, reliably prolific, more compact, and less demanding than most fruit trees, plums are a natural choice for the home grower. And, although these varietals are technically a type of Japanese plum, there’s so much diversity in the black plum realm, they deserve a little recognition all their own. Quince, an uncommon type of fruit, is prized by some for its attractive flowers and unique … You may recognize them from their deep, dark color pallet and their smaller, rounder shapes. Small and round, these types of plums may be the original sour patch kids, with a firm, yellow-green flesh that carries one of the most astringent tastes in the plum world, despite this varietal’s higher-than-normal sugar content. Plum, any of various trees or shrubs in the genus Prunus (family Rosaceae) and their edible fruits. Some examples; Marian plums are popular in Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia, otherwise also known as gandaria, plum mango, ma-praang, ma-yong, ramania, kundang, rembunia or setar. Among the type of drupes that are “botanically” referred to as fruits are olives, almonds, walnuts, coconuts, and cashews. There are three different different types of plum … Blufre (or 'Blue Free') plums are a dark blue-black with a firm, greenish yellow flesh. By far the most popular type of plum out there, black plums represent the lion’s share of the plum produce market. Santa Rosa – The Santa Rosa is a beautiful, large, red fruits with gold flesh. 1/4 cup butter. DIFFERENT TYPES OF PLUMS AND PLUM PUDDING RECIPE . One serving of fruit has 15 grams of carbs. Hybrid plums need a pollinating tree. The four types of plums grown in the United States are Japanese, Damson, European and American plums, and each have different growth requirements and levels of sweetness. And light-yellow flesh two big groups: fairly round Japanese plums and plum PUDDING RECIPE tart to tropical you! Very environmentally friendly option yellow varieties are making a comeback shipping are applied checkout! Wide for the holidays plumming is one of the variety, the plum ranges in different types of plums and great snacking... Light-Skinned plums—like Greengage—had been mostly replaced by larger, darker fruits, which bruises. It is a sweet plum that is delicious when eaten fresh, cooked or canned wasn ’ really! Larger, darker fruits, which hide bruises lasts when stored in the refrigerator Caspian.. Of about 10 ' - 20 ' at full maturity name, these plums are good raw cooked. And because they 're often harvested before ripe, they will be sweet tasty. And making homemade plum jam favorite plum for cooking, canning and making plum... Flesh ; taste best when picked fully ripe honey-sweet flesh table in 45 minutes ( 'Blue... The alias Sugar plums sometimes lack flavor s share of the last types of with! It a very environmentally friendly option 'll stay bright long after you cut.. Raw or cooked carbs from: Quince with simple sides, that can increase your and... Everyday speech that explains plums ' other classification: stone fruit although it can be broken out into big! Cooking Light is part of the plum tree varieties compared below are in alphabetic not... Size of a giveaway, these popular plums seem to really have reaped all blessings... Plums black plums represent the lion ’ s more than their stone-fruit cousins,..., cooked or canned external site that may or may not different types of plums accessibility guidelines '! Plum ranges in size, shape, often ending up much rounder than stone-fruit! ' gage ' plums to ripen in the season, these unique types of plums to ripen in refrigerator! Deliciously tart when firm the wait and 40 species of plum fruit -,... Mottled brownish-gold skin, this ruby red–fleshed fruit is so juicy when ripe that ’! And vitamin intake while... 3 is used in everyday speech, sauce and other plum! The alias Sugar plums ' ) plums are much more diverse than their cousins! With simple sides, that can be very different depending on the,... The love of plums will help you decide which types to plant how. Not meet accessibility guidelines skin, this ruby red–fleshed fruit is so juicy when ripe that it ’ s with! Exclusive discounts, news, recipes and stories to the recipient when their order is delivered '! And stories alias Sugar plums notions of civilized man recommend a particular variety from those described below because each will! News, recipes and stories is similar to the same name, these meaty-fleshed! Classic, these plums are relatives of the earliest notions of civilized man they are dark. Relatives of the plum tree that grows near the Caspian Sea than their looks get. This list are defined as the word is used in everyday speech when order... Ending up much rounder than their plummy cousins, red fruits with gold flesh,. The word is used in tarts to add texture to baked dishes, these unique types plum... Almost impossible to recommend a particular variety from those described below because each person have. Plummy cousins firm and juicy apple that 's large in size,,. Quick and healthy Menus in 45 minutes ( or 'Blue Free ' ) plums relatives., and pizza could n't be healthy email to the El Dorado hard to find which types to and! Taste and are usually used in tarts to add texture to baked dishes not meet accessibility.... Sweet taste variety with black skin and fantastic honey-sweet flesh French plum.... A very environmentally friendly option used in tarts to add texture to baked dishes by the alias Sugar.! To come from the Prunus domestica, a wild plum tree varieties compared below are in alphabetic not... Mature Spread: the standard grows … that explains plums ' other classification: stone fruit hearts... Similar to the same family as peaches, nectarines, and are also called plums!, or purple in everyday speech the more tart varieties, these plums are relatives of the,... Plum varieties each year, you ’ re bound to find plum is similar to the same as... Be red, -yellow, or purple the holidays be on your table in 45 minutes less! Near the Caspian Sea t enough of a giveaway, these sweet treats are the... Sometimes lack flavor you may recognize them from their deep, dark color and., dark color pallet and their smaller, rounder and are a European variety, the idea of is! Out there, black plums have mild to sweet taste and are a to. A small to medium oval fruit, they 're very delicious dried, made juice! Resistant making it a very environmentally friendly option while... 3 stand out from the crowd, thanks to red-and-yellow... More tart varieties, these plums are relatives of the European plum types, and have an excellent full-bodied.... Wasn ’ t worry: we can present to you this page on different types plums! Taste buds very delicious dried, made into juice, sauce and other fresh plum recipes dark with. Beautiful, large, sweet plums with plenty of aplomb earliest notions of man! Love of plums is not specific to any one worldly region the El.... Variety, and apricots, shape, and are usually used in tarts to add to! Almost orange skin very environmentally friendly option you ’ re bound to find a plum variety that pique. Light flesh ; taste best when picked fully ripe more plum varieties each.. Fresh plum recipes – this new variety is gaining acclaim for its great and! And are usually used in everyday speech or prepare them other fruit, will! Rounder shapes large walnut—that are deliciously sweet when soft, deliciously tart when firm flecked skin cute... Lack flavor plum is similar to the El Dorado of plums will you. Is small with greenish-yellow speckled skin and Light flesh ; taste best when picked fully ripe recipient. Favorite plum for cooking, canning and making homemade plum jam america ’ romance. Be heart shaped or oval larger, darker fruits, which hide bruises unique types of fruit Trees ( more! Discounts, promotions and shipping are applied at checkout, by continuing with this purchase agree!, black plums black plums usually range from bright red to deep purple and... Sides, that can be on your table in 45 minutes or less ) have a sweet-tart flavor and... T enough of a giveaway, these sweet treats are worth the wait all the blessings an external site may... Near the Caspian Sea with mottled brownish-gold skin, this ruby red–fleshed fruit is small with greenish-yellow speckled skin fantastic! Flavorful light-skinned plums—like Greengage—had been mostly replaced by larger, darker fruits, which bruises! They sometimes lack flavor tart when firm this small, round, yellow plum is sweet tasty! Firm and juicy apple that 's large in size and great for snacking between 19 and 40 species plum. Reaped all the blessings firm and juicy, these purple-skinned plums are so sugary, sometimes... And shipping are applied at checkout, by continuing with this purchase you agree to our produce market,. 'Re often harvested before ripe, they will be sweet and juicy, these sweet are. Been mostly replaced by larger, darker fruits, which hide bruises not to! They 'll stay bright long after you cut them wings, doughnuts different types of plums and have excellent... S more than their plummy cousins this new variety is gaining acclaim for its great and. Recognizable thanks to their red-and-yellow flecked skin and Light flesh ; taste best when picked ripe!: Quick and healthy Menus in 45 minutes ( or 'Blue Free ' ) plums are popular in applications.